The Filioque and Arianism: Was It Really Necessary?

The Filioque and Arianism: Was It Really Necessary?

Was the addition of Filioque to the Nicene Creed necessary to combat Arianism in the West? This is an assertion often made in its defense, but is this really true? Filioque—”and the Son” in Latin—is a phrase later added to the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed in Western churches. This Creed or Symbol of Faith has been recited […]

The Extreme Humility of Christ

The Extreme Humility of Christ

Humility isn’t easy. In fact, it is likely the most difficult (and painful) of all the spiritual virtues. Nevertheless, the way of salvation is imbued with humility, and every snare of the evil one is meant to drag us away from this virtue and into the arms of pride. Becoming a Christian and acquiring humility […]

The Reputation of God

The Reputation of God

‘Your reputation precedes you.’ ‘Very nice to make your acquaintance.’ Or perhaps it isn’t. The aura surrounding certain people is almost palpable—as if you could visibly see it or reach out and grasp it. Interestingly enough, this example from everyday life is very much akin to what we as Christians call ‘glory.’ As many Orthodox […]

Was God ‘Pleased’ to Punish Christ? Isaiah 53 in the Septuagint

Was God Pleased to Punish Christ? Isaiah 53 in the LXX

Between the writings of the fathers and our liturgical hymnography, there are a number of different analogies or explanations for the purpose behind the death of Christ. For example, some have spoken of it as a ransom for the devil, while the majority of Orthodox hymns and liturgical references point to the death of Christ […]