Irenaeus of Lyons on the Greek Old Testament

Irenaeus of Lyons on the Greek Old Testament

In the twenty-first chapter of the third book Against Heresies, St. Irenaeus of Lyons addresses the translation of Isaiah 7:14 among Ebionites and Jews. In doing so, he underlines the antiquity and importance of the Greek translation of the Old Testament as inherited by the apostolic Church. By the end of the second century (A. D.), two […]

Looking at Critical Scholarship Critically: A Response to Greg Carey

Looking at Critical Scholarship Critically

Recently, an article by Greg Carey, professor of New Testament at Lancaster Theological Seminary has been making the rounds. As I read it, I was stunned by the profoundly patronizing attitude displayed by the author towards conservative Christians. I was deeply disappointed at his misrepresentation of conservative responses to the issues he raises. Dr. Carey’s article […]

A Journey through Romans 9 (Part Four)

A Journey through Romans 9 (Part Four)

This is the final part of a four part series on interpreting Romans 9. You can also read part one, part two, and part three. – – – And as Isaiah predicted, “If the Lord of hosts had not left us offspring, we would have been like Sodom and become like Gomorrah.” —Rom. 9:29 The […]

A Journey through Romans 9 (Part Three)

A Journey through Romans 9 (Part Three)

This is the third part of a four part series on interpreting Romans 9. You can also read part one and part two. – – – So then he has mercy on whomever he wills, and he hardens whomever he wills. —Rom. 9:18 Though it is sometimes difficult for modern readers to see, burdened as they are with a long history […]

Justin Martyr on the Greek Old Testament

Justin Martyr on the Greek Old Testament (The Septuagint)

Considered one of the ‘Apostolic Fathers’—a Saint who lived within the lifetime of the first seventy apostles of Jesus Christ—Justin Martyr is one of the earliest, and most important Christian apologists. Spending much of his life searching for truth in Greek philosophy, St. Justin (commemorated June 1) was introduced to Christianity by a learned elder who showed him the superiority […]

A Journey through Romans 9 (Part Two)

A Journey through Romans 9 (Part Two)

This is the second part of a four part series on interpreting Romans 9. Read part one. – – – The story is then told in great detail in Romans 4–8, which is constructed around the shape the Old Testament narrative. Romans 4 deals with Abraham, Romans 5 deals with bondage “in Adam” just as Israel was in […]

Ecumenism as Dialogue or Monologue? (Part Two: The Witness of Scripture)

Ecumenism as Dialogue or Monologue? (Part Two: The Witness of Scripture)

In the first part of this series, I offered an overview of the traditional Orthodox method for addressing non-Orthodox communities, highlighting two notable events in Church history. In this essay, I’ll discuss the ecumenical method—that method of God’s covenant people interacting with those outside the covenantal body—as found in the Holy Scriptures. Examples from the Old Testament […]

A Journey through Romans 9 (Part One)

A Journey through Romans 9 (Part One)

The ninth chapter of Romans is often referenced as ‘the’ text convincing Christians to become ‘Calvinists.’ Many would go so far as to argue that it is impossible to read this section of Romans in any other way. For me, the ‘Calvinist reading’ seems to ignore Paul’s use of the Old Testament. Furthermore, it fails to situate the argument of Romans 9 […]

Mosaic Authorship and Misconceptions Regarding Source Criticism

Mosaic Authorship of the Pentateuch: Misconceptions About Source Criticism

In a previous post, I argued that Mosaic authorship was structurally significant for the Orthodox faith. I demonstrated that a non-critical acceptance of source criticism was no more amenable to Orthodox Christianity than it is to Protestantism. But before I provide my reasons for rejecting most source critical scholarship, I want to explore and reject poor […]

Theosis and Justification in Paul’s Second Letter to the Corinthians

Theosis and Justification in Paul's Second Letter to the Corinthians

Reading the Bible as an Orthodox Christian post-Protestantism can be difficult. Even as one’s views of God, Christ, sin, and salvation dramatically shift, old reading habits can stubbornly persist. More than once I have encountered converts who simply have no idea how to read St. Paul consistently with the Orthodox faith. I believe that such a […]