Tobit as Gospel and Christian Scripture

Tobit as Gospel and Christian Scripture

One of my favorite books of scripture is the book of Tobit. This fondness and familiarity came from spending nearly a year at a previous parish both reading and teaching through it. Originally written in either Hebrew or Aramaic, Tobit was later translated into Greek (in two extant versions) as part of the Septuagint, the […]

A Nestorian Canon of Scripture

A Nestorian Canon of Scripture

I have long been interested in the development of the biblical canon. I probably wouldn’t have found my way into the Orthodox Church without such studies. Recently, I found a 13th century canon defined by Nestorian Metropolitan Mar Abd Yeshua (ca. A.D. 1298). He apparently served as the chief bishop of Nisibia and Armenia for […]

The Song of Deborah and the Church of Christ

Deborah and the Church of Christ

From the time Israel (led by Joshua) conquered the tribes of Canaan until the first Kingdom of Israel under Saul, the Twelve Tribes experienced three centuries of alternating periods of peace and war, oppression and freedom. During this time, before the monarchy was established by the Lord in the person of Saul, judges (judicial and […]

A Christian Hymnal in the Middle of the Old Testament

A Christian Hymnal in the Middle of the Old Testament

Did you know that there was once a Christian hymnal in the middle of the Old Testament? And no, I’m not referring to the Psalter of David, or even the later Odes of Solomon. I’m talking about the “Book of Odes” (ᾠδαί), a collection of fourteen Scriptural hymns or canticles, which are still regularly sung […]

Is the Septuagint a Divinely Inspired Translation?

Is the Septuagint a Divinely Inspired Translation?

It’s no secret that Orthodox Christians prefer the Septuagint (LXX) for their Old Testament. This stems largely from the apparent preferences of Christ, his Apostles, and their earliest disciples (the apostolic fathers). There are only five citations in the New Testament where a text identical to the Masoretic Text today is cited over-and-against the Septuagint […]